欢迎访问《茶叶科学》,今天是

茶叶科学 ›› 2023, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (6): 881-890.

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    

有机认证对茶企经营效益的影响研究——基于倾向得分匹配的反事实估计

杨旭林, 潘昌健, 姜仁华*   

  1. 中国农业科学院茶叶研究所,浙江 杭州 310008
  • 收稿日期:2023-10-07 修回日期:2023-11-27 出版日期:2023-12-15 发布日期:2024-01-08
  • 通讯作者: *jiangrenhua@tricaas.com
  • 作者简介:杨旭林,女,硕士研究生,研究方向为产业经济,ahauxulin@126.com。
  • 基金资助:
    中国农业科学院茶叶研究所基本科研业务费专项(1610212022010)

The Impact of Organic Certification on the Business Profit of Tea Enterprises: Counterfactual Estimation Based on Propensity Score Matching

YANG Xulin, PAN Changjian, JIANG Renhua*   

  1. Tea Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou 310008, China
  • Received:2023-10-07 Revised:2023-11-27 Online:2023-12-15 Published:2024-01-08

摘要: 基于全国288份茶企问卷数据,运用倾向得分匹配法实证检验有机认证对茶企经营效益的影响。实证表明,有机认证对茶企经营效益具有正向影响,且这种影响效应在不同区域和自有茶园规模不同的分组中具有异质性。相对中西部企业,东部企业参与有机认证带来的经营效益的提升效应更为明显;相较自有茶园面积在中位数以上的茶企,自有茶园面积较小的企业参与有机认证所带来的效益提升效应更大。据此,各地政府在绿色发展框架下可支持茶企开展有机认证,中西部地区可组织企业到东部地区企业借鉴发展有机茶的实践经验;茶企需结合自身发展定位和市场需求,酌情通过有机认证促进企业提质增效。

关键词: 有机认证, 经营效益, 茶企, 反事实估计

Abstract: This paper empirically examined the impact of organic certification on tea enterprises’ business profit using the propensity score matching method based on the data of 288 tea enterprises nationwide. The empirical evidence shows that organic certification has a positive effect on the business profit of tea enterprises, and this effect is heterogeneous in different regions and different tea plantation sizes. Compared with the central and western tea enterprises, the participation of eastern enterprises in organic certification has a significant effect on improving business profits. Compared with tea enterprises with a median or higher area of their own tea gardens, enterprises with smaller area of their own tea gardens have a greater benefit from participating in organic certification. Accordingly, governments can support tea enterprises to carry out organic certification in the framework of green development. Enterprises in the central and western regions can learn from the practical experience of the development of organic tea in eastern enterprises. Tea enterprises need to combine their own development positioning and market demand, consider whether to promote the quality and efficiency of enterprises through organic certification.

Key words: organic certification, business profit, tea enterprises, counterfactual estimates

中图分类号: