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Journal of Tea Science ›› 2003, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (s1): 34-37.doi: 10.13305/j.cnki.jts.2003.s1.007

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Improvement of Magnesium Nutrition for Tea Gardens on Hilly Red Soil in the Southern Hunan Province

ZHU Yong-xin1, CHEN Fu-xing2   

  1. 1. Tea Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou 310008,China;
    2. Soil and Fertilizer Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing 100081, China
  • Online:2003-12-25 Published:2019-09-16

Abstract: Magnesium content in the soils and tea leaves of hilly red soil tea gardens in the southern Hunan area were determined. Results showed that the contents of available magnesium in the soils ranged in 6.29—25.98βmg/kg, with average of 13.02βmg/kg, and the content of available magnesium in tea leaves with symptom of magnesium-deficient is 264.10βmg/kg. The magnesium-deficient symptom was disappeared after applying water-soluble magnesium sulphate, and tea yield was raised for 9.8%—13.6%. By using foliar-applying magnesium fertilizer, the average increase of tea yield reached 20.8%. Applying magnesium fertilizers can also improve tea quality notablely. Compared with the control, the contents of amino acids, caffeine and water extracts were increased for 5.8%, 9.2% and 2.3% respectively. The paper also discussed the situation of magnesium nutrition of tea gardens in hilly red soil area of the southern China, and the magnesium fertilizer developing strategy was suggested as well.

Key words: Magnesium, Tea plant (Camilliar sinansis ), Red soil, Hill, Fertilizer, Nutrition, Yield, Quality

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