Welcome to Journal of Tea Science,Today is

Journal of Tea Science ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 463-470.doi: 10.13305/j.cnki.jts.20210622.001

• Research Paper • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Study of Characteristic Indexes and Fatty Acid Composition in Big-leaf Tea Plant (Camellia sinensis var. assamica) Seed Oils from Yunnan Province

WU Wanfu1,2,3, LYU Shidong1,2,3, YANG Xuefang4, LI Yue5, ZHANG Jiguang1,2,3,*   

  1. 1. Kunming Grain and Oil and Feed Product Quality Inspection Center, Kunming 650118, China;
    2. Yunnan Province Grain and Oil Products Quality Supervision and Inspection Station, Kunming 650118, China;
    3. Yunnan Kunming National Grain Quality Testing Station, Kunming 650118, China;
    4. Scientific and technological achievements incubation center, Kunming Medical University, Kunming 650500, China;
    5. Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050024, China
  • Received:2020-09-15 Revised:2020-10-21 Online:2021-08-15 Published:2021-08-12

Abstract: The characteristic parameters (refractive index, relative density, iodine value, saponification value) and fatty acid composition in five big-leaf tea plant (Camellia sinensis var. assamica) seed oils from Yunnan Province and other eight common edible vegetable oils were analyzed by chemical titration and gas chromatography (GC). The results show that the refractive index of the five big-leaf tea plant (Camellia sinensis var. assamica) seed oils ranged from 1.462 9-1.463 4. The relative density ranged from 0.914 8~0.916 7, iodine value was 859-903 g·kg-1, saponification value was 189.0-193.2 g·kg-1 palmitic acid contents were 14.29%-15.75%, oleic acid contents were 57.83%-61.41%, linoleic acid contents were 18.81%-23.11%. The saturated fatty acid contents ranged from 17.6% to 19.8%. Unsaturated fatty acid contents were 80.2%-82.4%. Overall, the fatty acid composition of big-leaf tea plant (Camellia sinensis var. assamica) seed oil was similar as the Camellia oleifera seed oil and olive oil. The ratio of saturated fatty acid, monounsaturated fatty acid and polyunsaturated fatty acid was about 1∶3∶1. Big-leaf tea plant (Camellia sinensis var. assamica) seed oil has the potential value for research, development and promotion.

Key words: big-leaf tea plant seed oil, gas chromatography, characteristic indexs, fatty acid composition

CLC Number: