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Journal of Tea Science ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (2): 139-148.doi: 10.13305/j.cnki.jts.2016.02.004

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Design and Process Optimization of a Continuous Production Line on Needle-type Premium Green Tea

CHEN Gensheng1,2, YUAN Haibo2, XU Yongquan2, JIANG Yongwen2, DENG Yuliang2, YU Liaoyuan3, YU Shuping4, YIN Junfeng2,*   

  1. 1. College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China;
    2.Tea Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Key Laboratory of Tea Processing Engineering of Zhejiang Province, National Engineering Technology Research Center of Tea Industry, Hangzhou 310008, China;
    3. Zhejiang Agricultural Technology Extension Center, Hangzhou 310020, China;
    4. Kaihua Special Local Product (Tea) Bureau, Kaihua 324300, China
  • Received:2015-11-30 Online:2016-04-15 Published:2019-08-23

Abstract: According to the quality and processing characteristics of needle-type premium green tea, a strongly practicable, energy-efficient and highly qualified needle-type premium green tea continuous production line which consisted of the fresh tea leaves artificial spreading machine, electromagnetic heat roller fixation machine, multiphase continuous fixation-shaping machine, rubbing machine, far-infrared raising fragrant machine and other energy efficient facilities was organized. The processing procedures of the continuous production line including spreading, fixation, fixation-shaping and baking were investigated and a complete set of processing technology about the line on needle-typepremium green tea was proposed. The results showed that the best process parameters were: temperature at 18-25℃ and humidity at 60%-90% for fresh tea leaves spreading, the leaf weight of 125 kg·h-1, baking temperature at 270℃ and time of 65 second for the fixing, 240℃(38 Hz), 210℃(40 Hz) and 180℃(45 Hz) for the multiphase continuous fixation-shaping, and drying temperature at 40-55℃, baking temperature at 100℃, speed of 30 kg·h-1 for the rotary continuous drying.

Key words: needle-typepremium green tea, continuous production, electromagnetic heat roller fixation machine, far-infrared raising fragrant machine, artificial spreading of fresh tea leaves mechanical

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