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Journal of Tea Science ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 419-429.doi: 10.13305/j.cnki.jts.2021.03.008

• Research Paper • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of Biochar Application on Soil Properties and Fungi Community Structure in Acidified Tea Gardens

WANG Yixiang1,2, HUANG Jiaqing1,2, YE Jing1,2, LI Yanchun1,2, LIN Yi1,2, LIU Cenwei1,2   

  1. 1. Agricultural Ecology Institute, Fujian Academy of Agricultural Science, Fuzhou, 350013, China;
    2. Fujian Key Laboratory of Agricultural Ecological Process of Red Soil Mountain, Fuzhou, 350013, China
  • Received:2020-09-04 Revised:2020-10-27 Online:2021-06-15 Published:2021-06-15

Abstract: The impact of long-term biochar application on soil improvement and fungal community structure in acidified tea gardens is still unclear. Five years after biochar application, the changes of soil properties and fungi community structure in tea gardens with different biochar applications (0, 2.5, 5, 10, 20 and 40 t·hm-2) were studied. The results show that after applying biochar for 5 years, the pH value of soil increased by 0.16 to 1.11 units, the soluble organic carbon content increased by 52.6% to 92.3%, and the contents of ammonium nitrogen and nitrate nitrogen in soils with 10 t·hm-2 biochar application were the highest. The changes of soil properties further affected the fungi community structure. The Chao index, ACE index and Shannon index of the fungi community firstly increased and then decreased with the increase of biochar amount. The effect of biochar application on the secondary fungi (LDA value<3.50) was higher than that on dominant fungi (LDA value>3.50). In addition, the relative abundance of Mortierella, Trichoderma and Chaetomium increased after the application of biochar, but the relative abundance of Melanconiella decreased.

Key words: tea garden, yellow soil, biochar, pH, fungi diversity

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